Very rare eye clean natural medium dark green Burmese peridot weights 83.09 cts. Asking price is 20.000 USD.
The most beautiful peridots come from the border area between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Fine peridot has also been found in Burma for hundreds of years.
Although peridot is also mined in the U.S.A., China, East Africa, and North Korea, the sizes are rarely very large and stones over 5cts. are quite rare. Peridot is one of the few gemstones which are available in only one color.
Historically, one of the oldest and most important sources of peridot was the tiny island called Zabardjad or Zabargad in the Red Sea( now the property of Egypt). This strip of land less than two miles square has been documented as the first source of peridot, dating back as far as four thousand years. And the earliest Crusaders introduced peridot to Europe on their return home. This source was re-established shortly after the start of the twentieth century, after being closed for nearly a hundred years. Declared off-limits to outsiders in 1958 after being nationalized as part of Egypt, this island controls just a small portion of the worldwide peridot market today.
The peridot is a gemstone that is documented in many ancient references. It is mentioned throughout the Bible, and early Christians believed the stone to be sacred. Even today the peridot, along with the amethyst, is part of the tradition of Catholic bishops, found in ring that symbolizes purity and morality.
Much superstition and tradition surround the lively green peridot. It is considered a stone of springtime, and ancients believed it was a gift from Mother Nature in celebration of the annual creation of a new world. Napoleon gave peridot to the empress Josephine as a symbol of his undying love and admiration. National leaders who publicly wore peridot generally were held in the highest regard and thought to be gentle, fair, and wise. Certain Asian cultures once believed that placing a peridot under a person's tongue would keep him or her from dehydrating.
In ancient times a dream about peridot was believed to foretell impending danger, causing the dreamer to exercise complete caution the next day. Sometimes this person was so stricken with fear that he or she would remain in bed, virtually motionless, for days on end until it was felt the danger had passed. Many of these unhappy dreamers would refuse food or even water, for fear that a poison would ravage their bodies. Peridot was also used in Early Egypt and in the Aztec and Inca civilizations to purify the mind and the body. It aids in the absorption of digested foods and will soothe inflamed or ulcerous conditions of the intestines and bowels.
Very little was known about peridot in the 13th century, and only few stones available were the ones found in Alexandria, Egypt, bu digging archeological sites and old ruins. It was believed that they were the remnants of Alexander The Great's treasures.
Some peridot gemstones was obtained from St.John's island, also called Zabardjad or Zabargad island in the Red Sea, which is the only location to yield large crystals suitable for cutting at the time. This location must have been unknown until the beginning of 19th century, when Viceroy Mohammad Ali of Egypt had these mines worked exclusively for him.
Peridot (pronounced pair-a-doe) is the gemstone variety of the mineral olivine. The most beautiful peridots come from the border area between Pakistan and Afghanistan. Fine peridot has also been found in Burma for hundreds of years. Although peridot is also mined in the U.S.A., China, East Africa, and North Korea, the sizes are rarely very large and stones over 5cts. are quite rare. Peridot is one of the few gemstones which are available in only one color.
Peridot is cut in accordance with its crystal shape and mostly faceted as round, antique, oval or cushion step cuts depending on the shape of the original rough. Smaller crystals are cut into calibrated sizes.
With a hardness of 6.5 to 7, peridot is reasonably hard and is used in all kinds of jewelry. Large clean stones are always sought by collectors. The name peridot is derived from the Greek word 'peridona', which means something like 'to give richness'.